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Because the climate issue affects the entire world, international co-operation is needed to find truly effective solutions. Thus, since the end of the 1980s, international negotiations have been taking place to agree on how to limit emissions. At present there are two important international agreements which aim to combat man-made climate change.
- The Climate Convention 1992 (the United Nations’ Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC ), also known as “the Climate Convention”) was signed by most of the countries in the world. The UNFCCC says that every country should work to combat dangerous climate changes and gave the developed countries the greatest burden of responsibility. The UNFCCC forms the basis for further cooperation and the signatories meet every year to discuss new steps to take to fight climate change. You can read more about the Climate Convention here.
- The Kyoto Protocol 1997 is a follow up to the UNFCCC. It sets targets for emissions reductions for each of the developed countries for the period 2008–2012. More than one hundred countries have signed this agreement, but the country responsible for the highest emissions rate – the United States – has withdrawn its support. Read more about the Kyoto Protocol here.
1. The Kyoto Protocol. In 1997, the Climate Convention held a conference in Kyoto, Japan. Their aim was to agree a treaty that would require the industrialised world to limit its emissions of greenhouse gases. Photo: IISD
To fulfill the requirements of the Kyoto Protocol, governments of each country must take actions to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions. Examples of these actions are described on the previous page “What can governments do?”
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About this page:
Author: Camilla Schreiner - CICERO (Centre for International Climate and Environmental Research - Oslo) - Norway.
Scientific reviewers: Andreas Tjernshaugen - CICERO, Norway - 2004-01-20 and Dr. Knut Alfsen - Statistics Norway, Norway - 2003-09-12.
Educational reviewer: Nina Arnesen - Marienlyst School, Oslo, Norway - 2004-03-10.
Last update: 2004-03-27.